|The Italian Section|
The Italian Section of The Combustion Institute
The Combustion Institute is an international non-profit, scientific and educational organization, founded in 1954, whose sole purpose is to promote research in the field of combustion science. The Institute serves as the parent organization for national sections organized in many countries all over the world.
The Italian Section of The Combustion Institute was established in 1954 at the same time The Combustion Institute was founded. Professor Cesare Codegone (Politecnico di Torino, 1954-1960) was its first chairman, followed by professor Carlo Padovani (Politecnico di Milano, 1960-1976). Professor Leopoldo Massimilla (Università Federico II di Napoli) took over the chairmanship of the Section in 1976 and since then the Italian Section started to play an increasingly active role in the life of The Combustion Institute.
The liveliness of the Italian Section has been steadily preserved under the following chairmanships of Antonio D'Alessio (1983-1991), Antonio Cavaliere (1991-1997), Piero Salatino (1997-2005) and Raffaele Ragucci (2005-2010). Section secretaries Pier Giorgio Lignola, Antonio Cavaliere, Colomba Di Blasi, Raffaele Ragucci and Andrea D'Anna also deserve mention for their decisive contribution to the sectional activities over the years.
The first paper accepted for presentation at the International Symposium on Combustion, authored by A. D'Alessio in 1972, marked the beginning of a continuous presence of Italian authors at the Symposia. Since then, Italy has contributed to an increasing extent to Combustion Symposia reaching a stable and significant presence in the Symposium proceedings. A number of individuals and research centers disseminated throughout Italy have steadily contributed to preserve and increase the visibility and the reputation of the Italian Section. Among the others, the groups at the Istituto di Ricerche sulla Combustione of CNR in Naples, University of Napoli, Politecnico di Milano, Politecnico di Torino, University of Pisa, University of Rome, research institutes of CNR in Milano and Napoli and of ENEA in Rome and the research division of ENEL in Pisa have to be mentioned. Today, the Italian Section is among the first seven national Sections contributing to the Proceedings of the Combustion Institute and to the Institute journal, Combustion and Flame.
Italian contributions spanned over the whole range of topics included in the Symposium program testifying the integration of the Italian combustion research community in the international scenario. As a matter of fact, along the years many and significant collaborations with international research groups contributed to integrate Italian combustion community in the international network.
The growth of the Italian Section culminated with the decision taken by The Combustion Institute in 1992 to select Naples as the host of the XXVI Combustion Symposium to be held in 1996. About 1600 people gathered in Naples for this event, which turned out to be one of the most successful ever since.
The liveliness of the Italian Section in the International Combustion Community is also witnessed by the active involvement of several Italians in the Executive panel of The Combustion Institute. Antonio D'Alessio, and Antonio Cavaliere served as members of the Board of Directors of The Combustion Institute and Raffaele Ragucci is currently member of the Executive Committee. Along the years many other Italian researchers were involved in the organization of Combustion Symposia either as members of Awards Committees (Leopoldo Massimilla, Antonio D'Alessio, Piero Salatino, Antonio Cavaliere, Anna Ciajolo) or as Co-chairs of the Technical Program Committee (Leopoldo Massimilla, Antonio Cavaliere, Colomba Di Blasi, Anna Ciajolo, Piero Salatino, Andrea D'Anna, Leonardo Tognotti, Tiziano Faravelli, Mara de Joannon). Professor Tiziano Faravelli has also served as associate editor of the Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, whereas professors Antonio D’Alessio, Piero Salatino and Leonardo Tognotti have served as associate editors of the journal Combustion and Flame.
Recognition of the Italian contribution to the research in combustion came from the Combustion Institute awards that have been presented to Italian members:
1986: The Silver Combustion Medal and illuminated certificate, presented by professor C.T. Bowman to Professor Antonio D'Alessio, Dr. Federico Beretta, and Dr. Antonio Cavaliere (Istituto di Ricerche sulla Combustione) "for an outstanding paper presented at the Twentieth International Symposium on Combustion, University of Michigan, 1984" entitled "Ensemble Laser Light Scattering Diagnostics for the Study of Fuel Sprays in Isothermal and Burning Conditions".
2000: The Bernard Lewis Gold Medal "for brilliant research in the field of combustion, particularly on optical diagnoses of soot formation and coagulation" presented by Professor W. A. Sirignano to Professor Antonio D'Alessio of the Università di Napoli "Federico II".
2006: Distinguished Paper Award for the 31st International Symposium on Combustion "for a paper which is judged to be most distinguished in quality, achievement and significance of the colloquium on Soot, PAH and Other Large Molecules", titled "Characterization of nanoparticles of organic carbon (NOC) produced in rich premixed flames by differential mobility analysis" presented to L.A. Sgro, A. de Filippo, G. Lanzuolo and A. D'Alessio, of the Università di Napoli "Federico II".
Every two years, as part of each International Combustion Symposia, The Combustion Institute awards the Bernard Lewis Fellowship to up to five young researchers from an extremely strong group of nominees. The Bernard Lewis Fellowship was established to encourage high quality research in combustion by young scientists and engineers. Three young researches belonging to the Italian Section were awarded The (International) Combustion Institute Bernard Lewis Fellowship: Angela Violi in 2000, and Katarzyna Bizon and Mariano Sirignano in 2012.
The Italian Section of the Combustion Institute organizes meetings and other events on a regular basis with the aim of stimulating dissemination of scientific and technical knowledge on combustion and to provide an informal forum for discussion among specialists. The first six national events (since 1976 to 1981) were informal meetings. Starting with the 7th event (in 1982), meetings were organized in a more structured way and summaries of contributed lectures and/or proceedings were distributed to participants and published. Since its birth to date, the Section has organized 35 Annual Combustion Meetings. Many of them have been bilateral or multilateral events jointly organized with other Sections of the Combustion Institute (French, 1987 and 1992; German, 1989; Soviet Union, 1990; Swedish, 1992; Spanish, 1993; Portuguese, 1994; Scandinavian-Nordic, 2003, and Greek, 2004).
Number of papers presented, by Italian researchers, at the Italian Combustion Meetings stabilized in the last years between 60 and 80, with some peaks in correspondence of the meetings organized jointly with other sections.
In addition to national or joint meetings, the Italian Section hosted the XXVI International Symposium in Naples (1996), contributed to the organization of the series of Mediterranean Combustion Symposia and to the European Combustion Meetings. The section also collaborated in organizing the "10th International Congress on Combustion by-Products and their Health Effects" in 2007 and several other workshops and events on combustion or on closely related topics.
The membership of the Italian Section is steadily around 120 people, rather evenly shared between different geographical areas and between academic research, applied research and industry.