26th International Symposium on Combustion

The Symposium Site: Naples,Italy

Naples and surroundings

 Naples offers great attractions for its landscapes and a wide variety of historical buildings and districts.

Two Royal Palaces (the Palazzo Reale and the Reggia di Capodimonte), three well-preserved castles (Castel dell'Ovo, Castel Sant'Elmo, and Castel Nuovo), three outstanding museums (the    Museo Archeologico Nazionale , the    Art Gallery of Capodimonte , and the    Museo di Palazzo Reale ), the largest preserved centre in Europe. The  San Carlo Opera House is one of the most ancient and beautiful in the world; abbeys and hundreds of ancient churches are spread over the whole city. Unsuspected cultural and artistic treasures are hidden in a colourful and lively modern city, and add to the visible heritage of  its 25-century history, that saw Naples having the dignity of capital for the second longest time span among all Italian cities, after Rome. More and more testimonies of its illustrious past are    now being uncovered for a reviving international tourism.

The  surroundings of Naples are much better known than the city itself.  Pompeii and Herculaneum, preserved for posterity by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD, as described by the Younger Pliny in his famous letter to the Roman historician Tacitus;  Capri ; Sorrento, where Romans also built magnificent villas as   the one described by Statius and belonged to Pollius Felicis. These places are all less than forty kilometres from Naples. The Royal Palace of Caserta, considered the Italian Versailles, can be reached by a thirty-minute drive from Naples city center.

 Campi Phlegraei (Flegreian Plains), on the west side of the city center, is rich with side phenomena of volcanism, finding its utmost expression in the Solfatara of Pozzuoli, where "mofettes", fumaroles and mud volcanoes are in constant activity."Flegraios" in Greek means blazing, and this already indicates the main feature of this vast plain territory. All of the territory, in fact, Across the Domitiana highway, we arrive in Pozzuoli. In the town we can also admire the Amphiteatro Flavio and going towards the port, the temple dedicated to the Goddess Serapis, the columns of which emerge from the sea water, its level modified by the bradyseism, i.e. rising and lowering of the crust of the earth. The ruins of the villas built by the Romans that made famous the town of Baiæ are still visible and some of these are submerged by the sea. Baiæ was considered the most luxurious seaside resort of ancient times. In Baiæ we can admire the Castle and the archaeological site. An   account of a boat trip by P.B. Shelley is available, in which most of the mentioned places are described as they appeared in early 1800's to the English poet.

Not too far away lies  Cuma, one of the first Greek settlements in Italy, world-famous for the Cave of the Sibyl in which the oracles were offered, and for the temple of Jupiter. In the Campi Phlegraei we can also find lake Fusaro with the Casina Vanvitelliana, and  lake Avernus where the ancient placed the entrance to hell and to which the Caves of the Sibyl are connected.

Università Federico II

The University of Studies of Naples was founded in 1224 by Federico II of Swabia, Roman Emperor and King of Sicily. It is one of the oldest universities in the world and it is the first one which was founded with the social and political awareness of its institutional tasks. It counts more than 50.000 students and is divided into 12 faculties spread over different parts of the city. Since its founding, several doctrines have been taught from philosophical to legal, from basic to applied sciences. The depth of knowledge of these doctrines has been witnessed by the intellectuals and professionals that have been formed at the University.

Scientific Activity on Combustion in the Neapolitan Area

Several institutions are involved in fundamental and applied research in the field of combustion. The Department of Chemical Engineering counts several professors whose main research activity is focused on combustion problems. These problems cover a wide range of aspects from coal combustion to gaseous and liquid pyrolysis, from low temperature oxidation to liquid fuel combustion and biomass pyrolysis. Contiguous fields to combustion like safety technologies and emission control are also objects of study.

These types of activities are implemented by research activities at the Institute for Research on Combustion of the National Research Council (Istituto di Ricerche sulla Combustione CNR) which counts 13 staff researchers and 10 postdoctoral students. Coal oxidation in fluidized bed, stationary and diesel spray combustion are the main field of interest of the Institute. Expertise in optical diagnostics, chemical analysis and modelling has been developed to study several combustion processes related to permanent facilities like fluidized bed reactors, unconfined spray flames, well stirred reactors, laminar flame burners, two-dimensional turbulent vessel, high-pressure high-temperature wind tunnel and high temperature drop tube.

In all of these activities collaboration with industrial groups like the National Electricity Board (ENEL), oil companies, boilers manufacturers, car industries and propulsion engines factories are numerous and fruitful.

Funding from these industrial groups and from Italian and European governmental institutions is obtained for all the research programs.

Both the Department of Chemical Engineering and the Institute for Research on Combustion are in the School of Engineering in the west side of Naples.

The Engine Institute of the National Research Council (Istituto Motori CNR) is located in the same area. Also in this Institute several groups are devoted to the analysis of combustion processes. They deal with fundamental and applied aspects of combustion for applications in spark ignition and diesel engines. Shock tubes, high pressure vessels, transparent engines are employed for these activities, which involve more than 25 staff research members.

Other institutions have on-going research programs related to combustion. The Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering has established a long cooperation with all the aforementioned institutions concerning characterization of combustion processes of stationary and diesel sprays.

The Department of Thermofluid-dynamics has a high level expertise in modelling and in diagnostics for heat transfer processes.

Industrial-University consortia operate in the Neapolitan area with some of their objectives in the combustion field. Microgravity sciences are studied at MARS consortium, with the aim of proposing zero-gravity experiments to international aerospace agencies. Finally, several research industrial centers are located around Naples or in the Southern part of Italy and gravitate on the same scientific-technological area. For instance Alenia has a large research group involved in the development of aeronautical propulsion engines. Ansaldo has built a large research facility for testing advanced burners for power plants. FIAT has opened an industrial research area related to environmental problems.

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